Jean Cocteau first met Jean Genet in Paris in February 1943, and though they were probably never sexually-intimate friends their shared ideas and interests meant that they regularly worked together. That was also the year when Genet’s first novel, Notre Dame des Fleurs, was published, a largely autobiographical account of a journey through the Parisian underworld, in which the characters are mostly homosexuals living on the fringes of society.

A 1950 portrait of Jean Genet by Cocteau

When Genet’s Querelle de Brest was first published in 1947, it included a set of illustrations by Cocteau specifically drawn for the novel, though the first edition indicated no name for either author or artist; a second unillustrated edition published later the same year acknowledged Genet as the author. Querelle is set in the Atlantic port town of Brest, where its protagonist, Georges Querelle, is a bisexual thief, prostitute and serial killer who manipulates and kills his lovers for thrills and profit.

Cocteau’s drawings do not specifically illustrate Genet’s narrative, but convey the general themes of the novel. Most are of virile sailors with large genitals, protruding nipples and lots of hair. Though the book includes violent scenes (two murders are committed) the images are never violent, some being positively languid. Comparison with the preparatory sketches for the illustrations suggests that Cocteau toned down the explicit sexuality of some of the images for publication, but that did not prevent action being taken against Genet in July 1954 for indecency and pornography.

The first, anonymous, edition of Querelle de Brest was published in a limited edition of 525 copies in November 1947 by Paul Morihien. A second clandestine edition of 1850 unillustrated copies followed a month later.


The best English translation of Querelle of Brest is that by Gregory Streatham, published by Faber.


As you can see, this is an incomplete portfolio, and some of the images are low-resolution. The full set comprises twenty-nine of Cocteau’s illustrations. If you can help us to source a full set of high-resolution scans or photographs we would be very grateful.